What is a Martingdale Test?

What is a Martindale test?

In Britain and Europe we use the Martindale test. 

A Martindale test is a measure of how durable a fabric is. Normally most fabric wholesale companies will include the Martindale test somewhere on their pattern book. This is a helpful guide for customers that want to know how their fabric will preform. This is a essential guide when people are choosing their preferred cloth.  

How Is The Martindale Test Preformed?

Four pieces of fabric are mounted on separate circular discs, next the cloth is subjected to a predefined load and rubbed against a abrasive medium until the cloth starts to break down. This is then measured in the amount of rub cycles any particular fabric can withstand. Simply the higher the rating, the more durable the fabric is. 

The industry sets out a simple guide to help people understand how many rubs is suitable for any given situation


Up to 10,000. For very light use (i.e. scatter cushions)

Light Domestic  

15,000 to 25,000 for.Occasional use (i.e. bedroom furniture)

General Domestic   

25,000 to 30,000, Suitable for everyday use (i.e. sofas)

Severe Domestic     

 30,000 to 40,000. Highly durable children pets (i.e. sofas)


40,0000+ severe ware domestic contract  (i.e. pubs and clubs https://www.fira.co.uk

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